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26th August, 2019 – Ice Breaker and Civic Reception from Glasgow City Council in the Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow
27th August, 2019 – Plenary Session and Awards Ceremony in the Bute Hall, University of Glasgow
27th – 30th August, 2019 – Programme of talks and posters throughout the Victorian Gothic centre of the University of Glasgow
27th August, 2019 – Student-Industry Networking Event
29th August, 2019 – Gala Dinner, The Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum
Key Themes and Topics Include:
Co-evolution of Life and Ore Deposits
Keynote: Peter McGoldrick
Convenors: John Parnell, Sam Spinks
There is increasing interaction between the communities investigating the evolution of ore deposits and the evolution of life on Earth. Ore deposits contain geochemical evidence that show us how the Earth’s environment changed through time and allowed biological evolution, while we are learning in turn how biology has shaped the ways in which elements concentrate and precipitate as minerals. This session will cover the diverse links between ore-forming geochemistry and the record of life, including bio-induced mineral/ore precipitation, the influence of element budgets on evolution, and the role of hydrocarbons in metal transport and deposition.
Mineral resources for green growth
Keynote: Frances Wall and Sarah Hayes (NERC SoS TeaSe), Philip Verplanck
Convenors: Kathryn Goodenough, Dan Smith, Richard Herrington, Bram Murton
As the world's economies move away from a fossil-fuel base, with a drive towards cleaner economic growth through low carbon technologies, our use of a greater range of elements is increasing rapidly. Metals and semi-metals, such as neodymium, cobalt, lithium, indium, tellurium, gallium and selenium are vital for renewable energy generation and power storage. However, they are subject to significant security of supply risks. Diversifying the supply base will require a step change in our knowledge of the geochemistry, biogeochemistry, mineralogy of these “green technology elements” to help generate new exploration models and strategies that, for example, expand our understanding of their deportment in current mineral deposits models and generate new ideas and information on their distribution in frontier environments. We welcome submissions concerning all elements used in green technologies that contribute to expanding our knowledge of this emerging and important area of economic geology.
Advances in understanding hydrothermal processes
Keynote: Sven Petersen, Reimar Seltmann (IAGOD Distinguished Lecturer)
Convenors: Martin Smith, Sean McClenaghan
Hydrothermal systems are responsible for the formation of more mineral deposits than any other process. Outside of systems linked directly to magmatic devolatilisation and orogenic gold, the range of potential fluid sources in the upper crust, and the range of geological settings and driving mechanisms is immense. This session will explore the latest developments in understanding hydrothermal mineralising systems, utilising novel approaches, including work on field studies, investigation of geochemical tracers for flow and metal and ligand sources, modelling and experimental studies of metal transport. The range of systems will include, but is not limited to, VMS and marine hydrothermal systems, IOCG and IOA deposits, Pb-Zn deposits and other basin hosted mineralisation and polymetallic deposits. The theme will aim to bring together investigators from academia and industry to integrate these studies to generate new understanding of mineralising processes.
New Techniques for ore discovery
Keynote: Tim Ireland, James Cleverley
Convenors: Jonathan Cloutier, Yulia Uvarova
New exploration techniques are currently being developed in response to decreasing ore discovery rate and increasing exploration challenges. The deposits that were exposed at the Earth’s surface, have been mostly discovered, and we are now facing a challenge of exploring in deeply-buried environments. New techniques are being developed for more efficient and cheaper drilling to obtain samples, as well as for rapid and cost-effective analyses for informed decisions. Technology now enables us to communicate and analyse exploration results in real time which is transforming the way exploration will be conducted in the future. This session aims to discuss how these new techniques can be integrated into more effective mineral exploration in deep, remote and covered environments.
New discoveries – new views - Advances in the science of mineral exploration
Keynote: Cam McCuaig, David Huston
Convenors: Steve Hollis, Dave Holwell, David Mole
This session will cover fundamental principles influencing the formation of world class ore deposits and mineral districts through holistic source-pathway-sink methods such as the mineral systems approach. The session will cover prospectivity and fertility analysis across a spectrum of commodities and ore deposits types, including: 1) how deep terrane crustal architecture influences mineral prospectivity through detailed isotope terrane mapping and geophysics; 2) the identification of favourable pathways for fluids and magmas, and critical chemical and structural traps for mineralisation; 3) how supercontinent cyclicity effects mineral deposit formation and preservation, and 4) how the occurrence of different deposit types through time is fundamentally linked to oxygenation state of the atmosphere. The session aims to highlight the latest advances in fundamental science applied to prospectivity and fertility assessment in mineral exploration.
Magmatic-hydrothermal systems: from Porphyry to Epithermal
Keynote: Christian Ihlenfeld, Suzanne Kay
Convenors: Jamie Wilkinson, Matt Loader, Robin Armstrong
Porphyry and related skarn and epithermal systems typically develop in the upper 5 km of the Earth’s crust as a result of the emplacement of stocks or dikes above larger magma reservoirs. The links between magmatic volatiles, metal transport and deposition and wallrock alteration in this environment have been the subject of much research, yet the nature of the connection and transitions between alteration-mineralization domains and sources of components in more magma-distal deposits remain relatively poorly understood. Extracting information on the likely metal endowment and grade, or “fertility” of such deposits and developing tools to help target them in areas of limited information – such as under cover – represents a new frontier for exploration geoscience. This session aims to explore the links between hydrothermal systems in this magmatic-hydrothermal environment and welcomes contributions that address both fundamental process questions as well as those that present new approaches to assist with mineral exploration in this setting.
Magmatic sulfide and oxide systems
Keynote: Sarah Dare, Marco Fiorentini
Convenors: Iain McDonald, Hannah Hughes
Mantle-derived magmas produce mafic-ultramafic intrusive and extrusive rocks which may host sulphide and oxide orthomagmatic mineralisation for Ni, Cu, Co, the platinum-group elements (PGE), Cr, Ti and V. Whilst several of these elements are classified as “critical raw materials” in their own right, many are key industrial minerals and all are central to economic growth and sustainable living at present and into the future. Further, several of these elements are used extensively in energy storage systems (ESS) and thus rapid developments in this field are likely to create further demand. Discovering the processes fundamental to mineralisation in sulphide and oxide systems is crucial for exploration and extraction in order to meet society’s growing demands for the associated metals. In this session we aim to discuss orthomagmatic mineralisation from source (mantle melting and ‘fertility’) to deposit formation at a range of scales from global/regional (e.g., craton-specific exploration) to deposit-specific case studies. We invite contributions on all aspects of the geology, mineralogy and geometallurgy of sulphide and oxide mineralisation in magmatic systems.
Gold - from orogenesis to alluvial
Keynote: Iain Pitcairn, Jim Mortensen
Convenors: Taija Torvela, Rob Chapman, James Lambert Smith
This session welcomes all presentations around the topic of gold within orogenic systems. We especially encourage discussion on the current models for ‘orogenic gold’ which were developed using case study areas encompassing mainly Archaean rocks: is there a justification for refinements in the current understanding based on the increasing amount of structural and geochemical data and observations globally that are not easily explained by the models? We also welcome presentations addressing placer gold systems within orogenic belts, as many orogenic systems are associated with economic placer gold deposits.
Economics of ore deposits
Keynote: John Thompson
Convenors: Simon Jowitt, Gavin Mudd, Nedal Nassar
The mining industry faces a number of critical challenges both now and in the future beyond those typically considered by geologists. In particular, this session will explore some of these challenges and focuses on the economics of ore deposits, including what makes a mineral deposit economic beyond grade and tonnage, the social and environmental challenges faced by future brownfield and greenfield mining, long term trends in resource use, production, and future trends in demands for metals and minerals, and estimates of global metal resources and the controls on the conversion of resources to reserves to production. We also invite submissions on research into what makes world-class deposits truly world class (i.e., not just size alone), the potential challenges of increasing by-product recovery from existing and future mineral resources, including opportunities for generating wealth from e.g. mine waste (especially tailings), as well as the human resources required by the minerals industry to meet these current and future challenges.
The changing face of metal extraction - geology, biology and geometallurgy
Session supported by the Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Division of the IOM3
Keynote: Barrie Johnson, Julie Hunt
Convenors: Gawen Jenkin, Chris Broadbent, Chris Bryan, Shaun Graham
Grades and tonnages alone do not make a mineral deposit – to have mineable reserve requires inter alia that the target metals can be extracted from the ore economically. Thus the metallurgical processing of the ore is a key factor, yet historically has often been downplayed or even neglected by exploration geologists and geochemists. There is a growing trend that smaller deposits, lower grades, more complex ore mineralogies and a wider range of elements are being targetted at the same time that environmental concerns as to water and energy usage and environmental contamination are coming to the fore. This session seeks to bring ore geochemists, mineralogists and geologists together with ore metallurgists to explore new developments in metal extraction and ore metallurgy that will impact on the economics and environmental footprint of a deposit. We welcome contributions that address new approaches including solvometallurgy, bio-processing and geometallurgical characterisation of ore deposits, as well as developments in ore mineralogy and metallurgy.
Sustainable development of ore deposits
Keynote: Rob Bowell, Michael Hitch
Convenors: Karen Hudson-Edwards, Anita Parbhakar-Fox
The Brundtland Report 'Our Common Future' defines sustainable development as 'development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs'. This is, at first, a difficult concept to reconcile with the development of ore deposits for mining, because the extraction of metals, coal, industrial minerals and other materials can deplete the Earth’s resources. However, new technological developments are facilitating sustainable practices, including the re-mining of previously uneconomic ores or of new materials (e.g., critical metals) from old ores, underground mining that has little or no surface footprint and extraction of valuable commodities from mine wastes. Good practices also exist for the sustainable development of new ore deposits that eliminate or minimise negative environmental and social impacts, while at the same time having plans for long-term mining operations and post-mining restoration. We welcome submissions on these and other topics related to the sustainable development of ore deposits.
Supergene deposits, gems and non-metallic ores
Keynote: Boris Chauviré, Paulo Vasconcelos
Convenors: Frances Cooper, Gaston Giuliani
Although supergene deposits, gems, and non-metallic ores may at first appear unrelated, they all generally require some interaction with surface processes to make them economically viable to mine. For example, chemical weathering of porphyry copper deposits can double or even triple Cu grades, while tropical weathering of ultramafic rocks can generate lucrative Ni laterites. Similarly, gems such as diamond, ruby and sapphire from different types of deposit are often only worth mining when they have been eroded, transported, and redeposited in a concentrated placer deposit. These supergene processes are also of importance for the formation of fine gems such as sedimentary opals and agates, turquoise, malachite, rhodochrosite, amber and other minerals; and determining the geologic and/or geographic origin of coloured gems in placers is particularly important for sale on the international market. In this session we welcome contributions that explore the formation, concentration, and preservation of supergene deposits, including gem placer and non-metallic ores around the world. We are particularly interested in the effects of climate, tectonics, and landscape evolution on such deposits and the potential implications for future exploration.
Open session (Poster ONLY)
Young Geologist Forum - prospects in mineral deposits industries